“Jurisprudence of Drama”… When the screen becomes the arena of religious polemics

The month of Ramadan has become the annual meeting place for religious polemics, and fatwas are no longer only in religious programs or questions from fasters on the pages of the institutions concerned, but jurisprudential opinions have extended to dramatic works, and commentary has become focused on the legal issues that are exposed at some of the artwork featured in the Ramadan run, instead of being the basis for debate about events, plot, and character development.

Is the discussion of ideas based on religion an intrusive issue for artistic works, or is it a natural thing in a society whose religious tinge colors many of its issues? Does this new line detract from the dramatic content of the series and its main story?

Facing the storm

The winner of most of this controversy is the series “Faten Amal Harbi”, starring Nelly Karim and Sherif Salama, directed by Muhammad Jamal Al-Adl and written by Ibrahim Issa. Or securing decent housing and others, who are of course exposed to religious scholars’ interpretations of Quranic verses and hadith, and there are several discussions between the heroine and the personalities of the religious sheikhs at work, as the heroine seems to be unconvinced by some of their interpretations , which is a question , even if he is not exposed to the essence of sharia and provisions, but only criticizes what he says Anyone who wears a turban on the screen has become reprehensible and provokes many who consider that “the Sheikh” if he appears in a dramatic work, he represents the whole religion, accusing the creators of the series, at their head its authors and among them, unlike Ibrahim Issa, Khaled Kassab and Alia Abdel Raouf , of wanting to “destroy the pillars of religion”, emphasizing that the heroine transgresses sharia, in particular when she denounces the existence of an explicit text which states the need to deprive the mother of her children after the divorce, a scene which has been widely discussed, mocked, and accused of superficiality, as many religious judgments are inferred. As soon as the texts appear.

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The attack on the series captured most of the controversy during the first half of Ramadan, and it is accused of showing religious people, reckless or arrogant, shouting in the faces of women for no reason, as the battle s turned into a battle. with its author, who has already tackled several thorny religious issues in his films, including “The Guest, Maulana and the Owner of the Maqam”, and he also has a forthcoming film, “The Atheist”, and some commentators accuse the series of “trying to impose ideas of renewal of religious discourse through a dramatic story that can’t stand it all, until the work has become like a pulpit (Tok.com. Shaw) my day, and stay away from sincerity to the idea of ​​drama”, a question to which writer Alia Abdel Raouf points out that “the work is far from direct, and the opinions which have been expressly and specifically stated do not came only in the court scenes, because that’s their context, and it’s legal provisions that are said in court, so it has to be presented in that way, otherwise the narrative and the escalation of events unfolds naturally to serve the drama, and even harasses them theirs who criticize the scene to oppose listening to songs in a public transport, if they look closely, they will prostrate it as a natural scene that occurs in daily life, nor It is not exaggerated.”

Who is leading the trending controversy?

Although there are many women who fully sympathize with the heroine of “Fateen Amal Harbi”, and see themselves in her, Alia believes that “some have classified the work in a way that harms her, and have ignored the artistic and dramatic aspect, in the presence of an escalating campaign of attacks against him”, and Alia points out that “the legal aspect was examined very carefully by a law firm, as well as the religious aspect, which has been reviewed by Dr. Saad El-Din El-Hilali, Professor of Comparative Jurisprudence at Al-Azhar University”, pointing out that any amendment requested by text specialists has been answered, and confirms that “the series is fundamentally in contradiction with the law of personal status, which is naturally derived from Sharia, and what it calls because it is not taking part in the provisions of the religion in relation to the transactions of marriage and divorce, but on the contrary , expand the circle to include opinions of different imams, in a way that serves the nature of the circumstances and the times and is consistent with true religion.

Regarding the scene that has been circulating so far, despite the passage of days since its presentation, linked to the heroine’s controversy over the fact that there is an explicit text prohibiting the divorced woman from keeping her children even after his marriage to another, the writer confirmed that Ahmed Al-Tayeb, Sheikh of Al-Azhar, said so explicitly five years ago in an interview A television program famous for him, because he has indicated that there is no explicit text that prohibits the presence of children in the custody of a divorced mother, even if she remarries another.

Al-Azhar descends into the arena

Although the creators of the series appreciate Al-Azhar Al-Sharif’s role in the journal, and they used his scholars and were guided by the opinions of his sheikh, the Al-Azhar International Center for Fatwa electronics posted a strong official statement on its Facebook page, strongly criticizing exposure to religion in artistic works, and despite The statement did not name the series “Faten Amal Harbi”, but its clauses clearly referenced the topics discussed. in the work, and according to what was indicated in “Islam gave to the mother the right of custody of her children at the time of separation, so that they do without her if he does not There is no objection or impediment to custody. A child must never be in the hands of his parents an instrument of pressure or an illusion of victory.

The statement adds, “Hiding behind banners of women’s rights to divide society, sow discord between men and their wives instead of trying to cultivate friendship and love, display ideal role models for family justice and Egyptian society, portraying some individuals of Islam’s heritage as enemies of women, and using the media and theater to distort this heritage is a malevolent and malevolent thought that perverts deviations It also aims to put religion away from human life and diminishing its role, and calls for the importation of Western ideas which are foreign to Arab and Islamic societies, with the aim of dissolving their identity and erasing their traits”.

And the statement continues: “To deliberately present the Islamic scholar with his white Azhar turban in the image of the ignorant, the eminent, devoid of chivalry, baseness of spirit, slanderous language in certain works of art, reprehensible intimidation and intentional distortion rejected, which does not harm scholars as much as its critics, and does not befit their critics, and the reverence of the great people of Egypt for scholars and men religious.

It should be noted that the long statement emphasized in most of its clauses the ideas that came up in the series, which talks about the crises experienced by divorced women in court, and did not focus in any of its clauses clearly on crises caused by other series, including “Al-Maddah – Legend of the Valley”, which has been accused of explicitly promoting the ideas of charlatanism and witchcraft, things that commentators find on social networking sites distorting the he image of religion, which calls for the realization of reason and the pursuit of science and development, and not to rely on concepts such as those, like Hamada Hilal (Sabre) appears in the second season of the work, to increase the intensity of the growing criticism against the series, which is accused of promoting ideas like magic, its events revolve around the world of elves with whom the hero can communicate, and it is a exciting tale, and despite the popularity of the work and the admiration of a large part of its followers, but it also explodes criticism about the world in which events revolve Its hero, Hamada Hilal, solves the problem with television statements at the start of the series, emphasizing that “the purpose of the story is to warn the audience not to follow these matters and to cling to their faith in God and draw near to Him.”

In view of the controversy dominated by the “Faten Amal Harbi” series since the beginning of the month of Ramadan, another work has come to compete with it in the same field, which is the “Baloo’ Al-Rouh” series, which began broadcasting in the second half of the month, directed by Kamila Abu Zekry and written by Muhammad Hisham Obeya. Menna Shalaby, accompanied by series star Ilham Shaheen, and her story revolves around the recruitment of women into ISIS camps in Syria.

This work also faces fierce attack, as some commentators see its purpose as distorting religion, although the series is about terrorism, and how it tries to deceive the leaders of young extremist organizations under the guise of implementing the provisions of sharia, to recruit to serve particular goals and agendas, and artist Ilham Shaheen, in Earlier, in response to the attack on the work, pointing out that it attempted to expose the goals and methods of terrorist groups, emphasizing that the series defends the true Islamic religion, and reveals the truth of the currents that distort its image.

indirect projections

And joins the race for religious debate, but at a less fierce pace, the “Ghamm Island” series, with Tariq Lutfi and Mai Ezzeddin, directed by Hussein Al-Manbawi and written by Abdel Rahim Kamal, and the religious character is always present in Abdel The dramatic writings of Rahim Kamal, as the Sufi spirit was firmly in control in the series “”Al-Khawaja Abdel-Qader” by Yahya Al-Fakharani and Salafa Mimar, and the series “Wanos” revisited the idea of temptation and the devil, and the author discussed religious extremism in the series “Cairo Kabul”, which was shown, last year, starring Fathi Abdel Wahab and Tariq Lotfi, to return this year to discuss the idea of ​​extremism, Also, the main character (Khaldoun) carries a direct projection on the idea of ​​Satan, who is trying to seduce man and lead him out of the good life, he causes anger whatever the visions presented far from the norm, and Abdel Rahim Kamal had confirmed it d years of previous television statements that “art is never against religion, and sanctities will remain sacred, but religious discourse must be renewed because it is not sacred, and the idea of ​​renewal is not instead of lectures or lectures”. Only for the platforms, but the question must extend to several areas for the reform to take place.

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