When it comes to a stroke, quick action is the key to survival.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Time wasted is brain wasted. Every minute counts. »
Stroke is a serious medical event and can lead to disability or even death if not treated quickly, said Dr. Andrew Freeman, director of clinical cardiology and cardiovascular disease prevention at a hospital in the United States.
This condition is common: someone in the United States suffers a stroke every 40 seconds.
US Senator Chris Van Hollen, a Democrat from Maryland, announced on Sunday that he suffered a “minor stroke”. That same day, Pennsylvania Governor John Fetterman announced he was recovering from a stroke.
In light of current events – and National Stroke Awareness Month – experts are urging people to learn more about the signs of a stroke, so they can recognize them and get medical help early.
* What is a stroke?
“A stroke is a stroke,” Freeman said. It usually happens because of a sudden drop in blood flow to the brain.
It could mean something is blocking blood from reaching the brain, or a blood vessel in the brain has burst, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
There are two main types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. The Centers for Disease Control said most strokes are occipital and occur when blood to the brain is blocked by clots or particles such as fatty deposits called plaques.
She noted that when an artery in the brain leaks or ruptures, it’s called a “hemorrhagic stroke.”
Sometimes the blood is only blocked for a short time – usually 5 minutes at most – and this is called a transient stroke (TIA) or mini-stroke. The Centers for Disease Control said these incidents are still considered a medical emergency and could be a harbinger of a larger stroke in the future.
* What happens to the brain?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention explained that in “hemorrhagic stroke”; Blood that has left the artery damages brain cells when it presses too hard.
When blood flow is interrupted due to an “ischemic stroke”, brain cells cannot get the oxygen and nutrients they need. The Mayo Clinic said the cells could start dying within minutes.
* Most Important Symptoms
Strokes are often identified by sudden and severe headaches, vision problems in one or both eyes, difficulty walking, paralysis or numbness of the face or extremities, and difficulty speaking or speaking. understand others, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Experts use the acronym FAST (face, arm, talk, time to call a doctor) to describe what to do in the event of a stroke.
First, ask the person to smile and see if one side of their face differs from the other.
Second: ask him to raise both arms; And notice if one of the arms drifts down.
Third: Look for strange or unclear speech by asking the patient to repeat a simple sentence.
The Mayo Clinic said if this test raises any of these concerns, seek emergency medical attention immediately.
* How to Treat a Stroke
Treatment and recovery depend on the severity of the stroke and how quickly the patient receives medical attention.
Small strokes may have less impact, Freeman said, but larger strokes can be life-changing.
He added that where a stroke occurs in the brain can influence outcomes, such as whether a person needs to relearn how to walk or talk while recovering.
Strokes are one of the leading causes of death in the United States and can lead to disabilities, but they can be treated, according to the Centers for Disease Control. “If you’ve had a stroke, going to a hospital or facility that can respond right away could dramatically improve outcomes by quickly restoring blood flow,” Freeman said.
* How to prevent a stroke
High blood pressure, age and history of vascular events are all significant risk factors for stroke, Freeman said. Diabetes and heavy drinking can also increase your risk, said Dr. Jenny Taffey, chief of neurology and behavioral health.
There are 6 things Freeman recommends people do to not only prevent strokes, but to prevent the risk of other vascular diseases as well.
He explained: “The same thing that protects against heart disease also prevents cerebrovascular disease.”
He noted that not smoking is key to reducing risk. Freeman also recommends following a whole-foods diet. Generally low in fat to reduce plaque buildup, exercise 30 minutes a day (as long as your doctor thinks it’s safe for you), reduce stress, and get enough sleep.
He added that adults need an average of 7 hours of continuous sleep each night.
ultimately; Freeman stressed that building a network of love and support is important for your health.