Queen Elizabeth II of England has broken all records when she has dedicated her life to her royal duties and to her people since she was sworn in at the age of 21.
The young Duchess of York was born Elizabeth on April 21, 1926 at 17 Bruton Street in wealthy Mayfair, becoming third in line after David, Prince of Wales and his brother Albert.
In his article published by the French magazine “Le Point”, the writer Mark Roche states that Elizabeth grew up between London and Windsor Castle. In the capital, the family moved to 145 Piccadilly Street, an area inhabited by English aristocracy near Hyde Park Corner near Buckingham Palace.
Despite strict etiquette and formal rules, Elizabeth led a balanced, routine life away from protocol; Direct help from his mother’s teachers took care of his and his sister’s education and spent a lot of time in their suite, which had large bedrooms, playrooms, bathrooms and large windows. overlooking Hyde Park.
وحسب المربية السابقة ماريون كروفورد، تميزت إليزابيث في طفولتها بجدّيتها ودقتها المفرطة، إذ كانت تستيقظ ليلًا لتتأكد من أن حذاءها موضوع بطريقة صحيحة، كما كانت تحرص على فرز الحلوى التي يقدمها لها والداها بعد الغداء حسب حجمها وتأكل الأصغر منها أولًا، وكانت أيضًا مولعة بجمع ورق Gift wrapping.
The War at Windsor
After the death of George V on January 20, 1936, his son David succeeded him, taking the title of Edward VIII; This is how Elizabeth goes to second place in the order of succession because the new king has no children, but Edward VIII decides to abdicate the throne to marry Wallis Simpson (the divorcee) on December 11 1936.
Albert reluctantly ascended the throne and was given the title of George VI, becoming heir apparent to the throne, and in September 1939 the United Kingdom declared war on Germany and the King and Queen refused to leave the country. .
At the age of 18, Elizabeth became one of 400 members of the Privy Council, a group of advisers responsible for supporting the monarch. A few months later, when she was 19 years old and had a driver’s license, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, service number 230873 of the Mechanical Transport Training Center of Auxiliary Transport Service 1, joined the Army Reserve. Army as a truck driver.
Cape Town trip
Elizabeth traveled with her parents on their trips to the provinces as well as to Commonwealth countries, and in South Africa she gave a historic speech on the occasion of her 21st birthday broadcast by international channels, during which she promised to “dedicate his life to duty”. “
On July 10, 1947, the Crown Prince was officially associated with Lieutenant Philippe le Grec, a trainer in the Royal Navy. Due to austerity measures in place, only heads of state related to either spouse were invited to the wedding, which took place on 20 November 1947 at St Peter’s Abbey, Westminster.
It should be noted that the first duty of the heir or heiress to the throne is to ensure the succession as quickly as possible, which really happened, since Elizabeth and Philip announced 3 months after their marriage that she was pregnant with Prince Charles, who was born on November 14, 1948, and after less than two years his sister was born.
The birth of a queen
Elizabeth took on an even bigger acting role when the health of George VI deteriorated, who was suffering from cancer, and Elizabeth and her husband, King George VI, stood in for King George VI at a official visit to Kenya, the first leg of a royal tour of the Commonwealth of Nations.
On February 6, 1952, Elizabeth learned of the King’s death, and on the way home she hid her grief and wept heartily in her private cabin out of sight. At London airport, political leaders led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill waited for her to welcome the new queen on the black carpeted runway.
On February 8, 1952, Elizabeth II was proclaimed head of the Church of England and the Commonwealth, and was crowned in a solemn ceremony at Westminster Abbey more than a year later. The new queen asked to broadcast the event on TV against Churchill’s advice, but that doesn’t take away from the fact that Churchill led her first steps well until she regained her confidence 3 years later. his accession to the throne.
the women in his life
On July 29, 1981, 700 million people watched the fairy-tale wedding between Prince Charles and Diana live, and after the birth of Princes William and Harry, the heir went to Camilla Parker-Bowles. Elizabeth II considered it a pity to have a mistress over his wife, but it was quite natural that in his life another woman should occupy the first place in his heart, and his wife was destined to give him legitimate heirs, to tolerate his relationship, and think of England and the preservation of the Windsor dynasty.
The relationship between Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister from 1979 to 1989) and the Queen was difficult, and the misunderstanding intensified female rivalry and Margaret Thatcher’s growing appeal in her final years in office, despite Elizabeth’s appreciation of the radical solutions from the Iron Lady, then things calmed down after her successor John Major came from a more modest background than Thatcher.
Separation…a new family conflict in 1992
The Royal Palace announced the Prince of Wales’ separation from Princess Diana, who wanted an official divorce, and because Charles is the future king and supreme ruler of the Church of England, the Queen refused to divorce in the name of legitimacy royal, and Princess Diana was threatened with losing custody of her two sons.
In March, the Duke and Duchess of York, Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, officially announced the separation, followed about a month after the divorce of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, and the same year the controversy over finances royalties and the failure of the Queen and her family to pay tax on their private incomes, and Her Majesty was famous for her pettiness, forced to submit to the will of the Prime Minister and the public to pay taxes like anyone what other citizen.
The 40th anniversary of Elizabeth II’s accession to the throne is an opportunity to launch a counterattack in a discontented populist climate; The BBC aired a documentary called ‘Elizabeth R’ in a bid to promote her image as a dedicated queen serving her people and her country in the isolation associated with the post.
When Windsor Castle burned down in November 1992, no one dared to console the Queen, who was stunned to see the ruins of her favorite home, and even Prince Andrew, who stood next to her, did not didn’t think of kissing her.
In a hoarse voice, Elizabeth resumed at a banquet in her honor in the town four days after the fire: “As a friendly reporter put it, 1992 is not a year I will always remember fondly, it has become a worrying year.”
While the Queen was on vacation at her Scottish castle of Balmoral, surrounded by her family, in the middle of the night the British Ambassador to Paris, Michael Jay, called the Royal Counselor at the Petit Salpêtrière Hospital on a private line to inform him of Princess Diana’s death in a traffic accident. Queen Elizabeth II showed no emotional reaction. Since her divorce, Diana is no longer a member of the royal family and has been stripped of her title, so her death was only a private matter. Elizabeth II did not return to London and stayed at Balmoral to care for her two grandsons, nor did she find it necessary to address a whole people in shock.
In a short televised address watched by 26 million people, Elizabeth painted a brilliant portrait of Diana: “What I tell you today of my position, Queen of Oujda, I say from the bottom of my heart: It was an exceptional and talented person, for better or for worse, never losing her ability to smile and laugh, or inspiring others with her warmth and kindness. Her Majesty’s speech was clearly the brainchild of Tony Blair’s advisers.
The amorous adventures of Charles
Charles’s romances have always given the Queen a headache, who would have preferred her lover Camilla Parker-Bowles to stay behind in a long aristocratic tradition, but Prince Charles wanted the opposite, forcing her to abdicate. On April 9, 2005, Charles finally married his mistress after a complex relationship that lasted 34 years, and after 7 years, the marriage of Prince William – the second prince in line for the throne – Kate Middleton brought joy to the royal palace and its owner, and the celebrations organized on the occasion of the 60th anniversary contributed One year after her accession to the throne, to the reunion between the queen and her subjects.
The firm habits of the queen
Elizabeth II maintains well-established customs, but manages to adapt the monarchy when necessary to the evolution of society, and the only black point of her reign – according to the author – remains that she never took the to condemn racism, xenophobia and discrimination within it. speech.
Elizabeth II faced the paradox of being an ideological supporter of decolonization while remaining influenced by the memory of her empire; She accepted Britain’s multicultural society without understanding it, which is why her reign is still tied to the old Protestant aristocratic white imperial system.