The history of Rococo dates back to the 1730s, and this art was born in Paris at a time when political life in France changed after the death of Louis XIV, the powerful king, who imposed his royal authority on the designs of the palaces , making them opaque, dramatic and ornate. The Rococo style developed after him as a reaction to the strict limitations of Baroque architecture, exemplified by famous buildings such as the Palace of Versailles and the King’s favorite French classical art, and his strict ideas about the nature of architecture. ‘art.
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Rococo appeared in Paris as part of a wider aesthetic movement, soon adopted throughout France and then in Europe, notably in Germany and Austria, and including interior decoration, decorative arts, painting, architecture and carving.
The word Rococo is derived from the French word rocaille, which refers to the conch or irregular shell carved into the rock, used to decorate man-made caves, as it was called the beginning of the name “Louis XV style”, whose reign has coincided with the height of the rise of this style, as it was also called in some references the name of “late baroque”.
Rococo is a feminine artistic style, and the women of the Louis XV palace are said to have contributed to its genesis and development, which created a strong presence of the classical feminine spirit, in an attempt to balance the strict artistic domination that prevailed in the era of Louis XIV after a time characterized by rigor and an emphasis on large masses and restrained symmetry And other artistic visions imposed by the king, such as rococo focused on small details, so it is came cheerful and cheerful, showing the pleasures of life and its exciting details.
In short, it is a mixture of romanticism, passion, sensuality, fantasy and endearing mystery, characterized by lightness, elegance and the excessive use of natural and curved forms, with a lot of intimacy and luxurious and soft feminine touches, which create an atmosphere of comfort, beauty and intimacy.
Rococo is considered one of the blatant decorative arts, it is intricate with many multi-layered details, and surpasses Baroque in abundance and quantity of its diffusion in interior spaces, with a subtle splash of pastel colors. Smooth lines, rounded shapes, decorative filling and free breaking of the rule of symmetry form the basis of this artistic style.
Rococo tends to choose its icons from mythological and exciting themes. There are many images of nymphs, historical figures and ancient deities, such as Cupid, the “god of love”, the son of the goddess Venus. and typical East Asian icons such as the dragon, the Chinese fan, pagodas, oriental landscapes and musical instruments, all of which are far from puritanical in character, as they tend to be more secular than Baroque icons.
Rococo interiors are airy and light, freer and further removed from the restraints and solemnity of the Baroque style of Louis XIV, but at the same time remarkably rich and luxurious, everything about them is ornate, bright, elegant and delicate.
Rococo decorations are noted for their decorative designs such as “fresco” frescoes, carved ornaments and spiral patterns, as well as the free use of several types of wood in varying degrees, whether painted or not. . , crystal chandeliers, gilded wall sconces and stucco ornamentation take center stage, along with antique clocks, statues and antique chests.
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As for the colors, they look luxurious in general with a remarkable visual lightness, because in this style they use light and soft color palettes combined with a touch of gold, light shades of pink, blue, green purple, yellow, pink and cream gray abound. In materials, natural wood, elegant, refined and embroidered fabrics such as brocade, silk, satin and velvet, glass and crystal, metallic elements such as bronze and copper, and natural gilding and artificial predominate.
comfort and luxury
The furnishings are comfortable and luxurious. In the bedrooms we find a king bed with a carved headboard, an elegant silk canopy or satin bedspread, an elegant dressing table with a large mirror in a huge frame, in more soft armchairs, comfortable sofas, elegant desks and spacious closets.
The living room also includes comfortable furniture, heavy curtains, a fancy chandelier, themed paintings, a fireplace with shelves filled with porcelain figurines, vases, jewelry boxes, and more. The interiors of the Hôtel de Soubise in the French capital, Paris, are one of the best examples of the Rococo style, as the hotel comprises residential units of former princes with oval salons, characterized by gilded carved details, painted ceilings and distinctive chandeliers, as well as Charlottenburg Palace. Built as a summer residence for the first queen of Russia, Sophie Charlotte, it is one of the most famous and largest palaces in the German capital, Berlin, and a striking example of German Rococo.
Finally, rococo is not just an interior style, it is a way of life. Those who love life and know how to enjoy it will appeal to beauty, mystery, luxury, elegance, ingenuity, ambition, soft colors, round shapes and comfortable furniture designed to achieve a captivating landscape and a vibrant and pleasant life.