Abdul Malik bin Marwan’s will before his death.. what the Islamic heritage says

Abdul Malik bin Marwan died in the year 86 AH, and he had served as Caliph of Muslims for about 21 years, so what does the Islamic heritage say?

The book, The Beginning and the End, says under the title “Then I entered the year eighty-six”.

It was said: When Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan was dying, his son al-Walid came upon him and wept, and said to him: Abd al-Malik, what is this? Walid: Fear God in what I have appointed you, and keep my will, and look at my brother Muawiyah, have mercy on him, and preserve me in him, and look at my brother Muhammad, so he ordered him on the island and do not separate him from it, and look to our cousin Ali bin Abbas, for he has been cut off from us by his affection and guidance, and he has lineage and right. Separate his mercy and know his right And look to Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf, and honor him, for he is the only one who paved the land for you, defeated the enemies, saved the kingdom for you, scattered the Kharijites, forbade you and to your brothers division, and to be children of one mother, and to be free in war. His companion and inclines hearts with love, and humbles tongues with a beautiful memory.

Indeed, if things come together, they break * with anger and refutation of refutation

Glory is not broken, even if it is wasted * Breaking and fading are for the wasted

Then he said: If I die, invite the people to your oath of allegiance, whoever refuses, then the sword, and you must do good to your sisters, so honor and love them – Fatimah, and he had given her Maria’s earrings and the orphan pearl – then he said: Oh my God, protect me with this. Omar bin Abdul Aziz married her, who is his cousin.

And when he was dying, he heard a washerman washing clothes, and he said, What is that? They said: It is a washing machine, so he said: I would like to be a washing machine, earning what I live from day to day, not the caliphate. Then he acts and says:

For my life I lived in the king for a while* and the world owed me the fall of the waters

And I gave the reds the money, the rule and the bans * but I delivered all the mighty kings

So the one who made me happy, became like a dream that had passed through the long ages

I wish I hadn’t sought the king for one night, and I hadn’t sought the pleasure of a bright life

These verses were sung by Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan upon his death.

Abu Mushar said: It was said to Abd al-Malik in his mortal illness: How are you? He said: Find me, as Almighty God said: {And you came to us alone as We created you the first time, and you left behind what We gave you.} [الأنعام: 94] . Saeed bin Abdul-Aziz said: When Abdul-Malik was dying, he ordered the gates of his palace to be opened. When they opened, he heard a palace in the valley and said: What is this? They said: Anyway, so he said: I would have liked to be small, living from the work of my hands, and when Saeed bin Al-Musayyib managed to say, he said: Praise be to God, who made them flee to us when they die, and we do not flee to them. And he said, when death approached him, he began to regret and mourn and struck his hand on the head and said: I wish I had gained my strength day by day and occupied myself to worship and obey my Almighty Lord. Others said: When death approached, he called his sons and commanded them, then said: Praise be to God who asks none of his creation, young or old, and then sings:

So is there Khaled, or have we perished* and is death for the rest jealous?

It is said that he said: Lift me up, so they lifted him up until he could smell the air, and he said: O world, how good you are! Your height is short, and many of you are mean, and we were arrogant about you. Then represent these two verses:

If you argue, then your argument, oh Lord

Or transcend, then you are a forgiving Lord* for the sinner of his sins is like dust

They said: His death was in Damascus on Friday, and it was said on Wednesday and it was said on Thursday, in the middle of Shawwal in the year eighty-six, and his son Al-Walid, the heir of his throne after him, prayed for him, and he was sixty years old when he died.

Abu Ma’shar said it and Al-Waqidi authenticated it, and it was said to be sixty-three years old. Al-Madaini said, and it was fifty-eight. He was buried at Bab al-Jabiya al-Saghir. Ibn Jarir said: He mentioned his children and wives including Al-Walid, Suleiman, Marwan the Elder, Daraj and Aisha, and their mother was Waleeda bint Al-Abbas bin Juz’ bin Al-Harith bin Zuhair bin Judhaima bin Rawaha bin Rabi’ah bin Mazen bin Al-Harith bin Qati’ah bin Abs bin Baghid, Yazid and Marwan Al-Asghar Muawiyah Darg and Umm Kulthum and their mother was Atika bint Yazid bin Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, and Hisham and his mother Umm Hisham Aisha – as Al-Madaini said – bint Hisham bin Ismail Al-Makhzoumi and Abu Bakr, whose name is Bakr, and her mother is Aisha bint Musa bin Talha bin Ubaid Allah Al-Taymi, and Al-Hakam Darg and her mother is Umm Ayyub bint Amr bin Othman bin Affan the Umayyad, and Fatima and her mother Al-Mughirah bint Al-Mughirah bin Khalid bin Al-Aas bin Hisham bin Al-Mughira Al-Makhzumi. Abdullah, Muslima, Mundhir, Anbasa, Muhammad, Saad al-Khair and al-Hajjaj had mothers of various children, and the total of his children was nineteen male and female.

The period of his caliphate was twenty-one years, of which nine years concerned Ibn al-Zubayr, thirteen years and three and a half months regardless of the caliphate alone.

His judge was Abu Idris al-Khulani, his scribe Ruh ibn Zinba’, his tutor Yusuf his master, the owner of the treasury and seal house Qabisah ibn Dhu’ayb, and over his police was Abu al-Za’izah, and we have mentioned its workers in the past.

Al-Madaini said: He had other wives: Shaqra bint Salamah bin Halbis Al-Ta’i, the daughter of Ali bin Abi Talib, and Umm Abiha bint Abdullah bin Jaafar.

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