Dismantling the Libyan crisis | Idris Lakrini

Dr. Idris Lakrini

Despite the positive evolution of the political, security and economic situation in Libya in recent years, with the emergence of a set of regional and international good offices and mediations, and the conviction of political parties of the importance of sit at the dialogue table, the road to stability and lasting peace is still long and requires more effort and initiative.

The successive crises that Libya has experienced since 2011, with the departure of the Gaddafi regime, have attracted the attention of a large number of thinkers and researchers, who have dealt with the Libyan situation from different angles, and have looked on the various factors that fuel the conflict in the country in its internal and external dimensions, and presented a set of perceptions and visions as a way out of trouble.

In this context, the contributions of the late Tunisian academic and sociologist Dr. Al-Monsef Wanas (1956-2021), whose studies and research and intellectual contributions focused on the analysis of political and social dynamics in the Maghreb countries , and through several scientific meetings which brought us together in Tunisia, felt his firm conviction of the need to achieve lasting security in the region which would allow development, and establish Maghreb cooperation which would allow investment in the available capacities and to build a regional bloc capable of facing various internal and external challenges.

In his book entitled: “The Libya that I saw, the Libya that I see the fate of a country” published by Editions de la Méditerranée in Tunis, in 2018, the writer recognized the status of Libya in his conscience. and his great love for her; He described her as the mistress he knew through his older brother, who worked there between 1969 and 1972. His visits to this country began in 1986 for scientific purposes, linked to the completion anthropological research; Where he forged a clear vision of Libyan society.

The late confirms that understanding the Libyan personality is a fundamental scientific approach to analyze and understand many phenomena, including the deep crises that the country is going through.

At the beginning of his book, the researcher stressed the importance of rationalization and dialogue in the face of the Libyan crisis. He asked two big questions: how to break concretely with post-February 2011 reading? Does Libyan society have enough historical, social, political, economic and value resources to rebuild itself and emerge from a state of failure?

To answer it, he approached the question through two main axes, the first of which is linked to the identification of the roots of the crisis, failure and violence in Libyan society, and the second is linked to the new Libyan civilization, in terms of its conditions, requirements and methods of reconstruction.

In his description of the crisis, he considered that “the external Atlantic intervention in the country laid bare the imbalances of Libyan society, injected hatred into the spirit of geography and woke it up from under the sand, and revived the history of inter-tribal grudge and revenge”. , parties and groups, especially in western Libya, and invested generously in dispersing the joints of society,” adding that the West deliberately destroyed the weak Libyan state to facilitate its interventions in this wealthy country.

He also made a point of following the political, economic and social problems of Libya, rich in its various capacities under the era of Gaddafi, in particular at the level of the reign of the logic of one voice, also noting that the crisis which has swept the country after 2011 is the result of a lack of experience, emphasizing that the issue of reconstruction imposes a break with manifestations of inclusiveness.

After discussing the manifestations of the crisis, in connection with the leaking of weapons, the escape of prisoners and the deterioration of security, it was pointed out that the authority has not invested generously in the edification of people and accompanying their modernity.

It concluded a set of results in terms of crisis management; Where he stressed the need to capture the Libyan people by defining their choices, far from any outside interference, explaining that political blockage deepens crises and kills all movements, underlining the vitality of offering alternatives, and noting the importance of adopting a political solution and dialogue within the framework of partnership in the present, the future and destiny, and consensus, and not Exclusion, sanctifying national wealth, and respecting the right of generations to it ci, with the need to redress the basic cultures of a common destiny, recovering funds from abroad, and respecting the law and the state of institutions. Emphasize the values ​​of citizenship, including rights and duties, coexistence and emotional ties with the land and society, in a way that goes beyond the bond of nationality and the community of cohabitants, a way that contributes to building a society of citizenship.. It is the appropriate approach to confront terrorism, preserve the environment and immunize the community inside and out.

The writer also insists on dialogue, agreeing on the necessity of the state, distinguishing national wealth from the logic of spoils, reviving the army and professionally developing its performance, and building security institutions on the basis of the new state, through strong national governments. , able to win a series of bets related to the modernization of the administration, the care of cultural, health and educational institutions, the development of the judicial system and the investment in youth.

The consolidation of stability and progress in Libya remains largely dependent on the establishment of a civil state open to all Libyans, capable of transcending narrow affiliations and combating all manifestations of corruption and all threats to the right to life.

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